What Are Some Common Pip Tribunal Questions?

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This blog post will answer some of the common PIP Tribunal Questions that are commonly asked. 

We will also briefly discuss what PIP is and other questions related to the process of the PIP appeal hearings. 

What Are Some Common Pip Tribunal Questions?

Here are some common questions related to PIP tribunals”

What is PIP?

PIP stands for Personal Independence Payment (PIP) which is a financial benefit that is paid to between the ages of 16-64 who need financial help because of a long-term illness, disability or mental health condition. 

PIP is a financial assistance and benefit that does not affect your income, capital or savings of the individual and you can also claim other benefits such as Employment and Support Allowance and Universal Credit even if one claims PIP.

An individual can apply for and be paid PIP even if when they are in and out of work and one’s payment to National Insurance does not affect PIP. However PIP might affect Constant Attendance Allowance or war pensioners’ mobility supplement.

When can one claim PIP?

You can claim PIP in case you have a condition that affects you day to day life and these conditions- mental or physical-limits you in any of the following ways:

  • Speaking to other people
  • Shopping and paying bills
  • Planning and following journeys
  • Preparing food and eating- diet and nutrition. 
  • Washing and bathing- hygiene.

How does the PIP payments work?

PIP consists of two components, and people can qualify for both components or only one. These components are:

  • Daily living component
  • Mobility component

PIP claims upon approval are paid into your bank or post office account every four weeks after the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) assesses you as eligible for the claim and also determines what rate you are to be paid. 

What is a PIP tribunal?

A PIP tribunal is an independent panel that is part of the country system and indeprendt form the Deartment of work and pensions that looks into the evidence and appeals against a PIP decision. 

The tribunal will then have a look at the evidence and claims and inform the DWP to make a final decision on the PIP claim. This usually occrs when a person appreoaches a tribunal when the DWP does not change their decision even after the mandatory reconsideration stage.

How does one apply for a PIP appeal?

You can make a straight appeal to the tribunal service once you receive your mandatory reconsideration notice form within one month from the date on your letter. 

You can challenge the DWP’s PIP decision through appealing to the tribunal if:

  • You weren’t awarded PIP
  • You were awarded a lower rate than you expected
  • You think your PIP should have been awarded for a longer period.

To appeal to a tribunal, you need to submit your mandatory reconsideration notice form by filling it in and submit your appeal form to the tribunal services.

How to ask for an appeal?

To ask for an appeal you can either use the online form or you can use the pen and paper form.

When you fill up the form you are required to explain why you disagree with the DWP decision regarding your PIP claims and produce a letter with the same argument while requesting for mandatory reconsideration.

 If your appeal isn’t within the time limit or you have passed the deadline for mandatory reconsideration, you should appeal anyway but explain why the delay occurred, 

You must also make sure that you choose to attend the hearing instead of being discussed on paper alone since you will be more likely to win. 

How to Prepare for the PIP tribunal hearing?

To prepare for the tribunal hearing, here are a few things you can do:

read through all the information the tribunal service sends you, and send any new evidence to the tribunal before the hearing. 

arrange for a family member or friend to go with you for moral support

check the venue has everything you need for example a sign language interpreter before so that you can prepare it beforehand in case. 

You should also be prepared in the sens that you have everything that you should take with you, such as:

  • the appeal papers 
  • any new evidence that must be handed in soon after arrival. 
  • notes covering all the things you want to say 

What can one expect at the PIP tribunal hearing?

The appeal tribunal hearing is informal so it will not involve a full court but there will be a judge, a doctor, and one or two independent people who will consists of the Tribunal panel or board.  

  • The hearing will state with the the judge who will introduce the tribunal and explain what it’s for.
  • You will be asked questions about your reasons for appealing and also details about your average day.
  • If someone from the DWP is there, the judge will also ask them questions regarding the claims.
  • You will be asked if there’s anything more you’d like to add or clarify before the hearing ends. 
  • You’ll be asked to leave the room during decision making and called back to be told the decision. 
  • You might also have to wait a few days before decisions are made. 

you’ll be called back into the room and told the decision, although occasionally you may have to wait 3 to 5 days to get a decision letter in the post

On the day:

What to take with you to a PIP appeal tribunal?

Here is a list of things you should take with you to your PIP appeal tribunal:

  • the appeal papers 
  • any new evidence that must be handed in soon after arrival. 
  • notes covering all the things you want to say 
  • Receipts for any expenses you want to claim back.
  • Support friends and family
  • Interpreter if needed. 

How long will the hearing last?

The PIP tribunal hearing usually lasts around 30 to 40 minutes and the decision making might take a few mins as well unless the judge notifies you that you will be informed of the decision in a few days. 

What should one do during the hearing?

Here are a few things you can do during the hearing:

Try not to feel too anxious about being asked questions since it is usually that the board won’t be hostile.

Understand that they simply want to hear about how your condition affects you so they can make the right decision.

Be open and honest in your testimony. Don’t be embarrassed about how your condition affects you and describe in as much detail as possible so that they can understand how the condition affects your life. 

You should also ask the judge or doctor to repeat any questions you don’t understand.

Be assertive as you correct anything that isn’t right and clarify if there is any misunderstanding.

Use your own words that are common and understable, it is not necessary to use medical jargon. 

It is vital that you state your case so, make sure you’ve said everything you want to say.

What happens After the hearing?

After the hearing, the tribunal panel will inform the DWP of their decision and send across an official notice of the decision to you or you might even be informed of the decision one the same day as your hearing. 

If you were successful and you have won the case, usually there are high success rates of benefits claims with the tribunal services,  the DWP will estimate how much they owe you. 

Based on their estimates, including that of expenses, you will start receiving the new amount every month, along with the amount/ sum they should have been paying you all along. 

You will usually receive your money in about a month after the decision has been made or between 4 – 6 weeks.

If you weren’t successful and you did not win the case, you will be sent documents to explain your options from here. 

You have the option to appeal to the Upper Tribunal however, this is only and option and can only be done if the panel did something wrong with the law. 

It is a very complicated process and requires the intervention and assistance of an experienced adviser. If this is something the claimant wants to do they must act fast and send across the tribunal’s statement of reasons within one month. 


This blog post has answered some of the common PIP Tribunal Questions that are commonly asked. 

We have also briefly discussed what PIP is and other questions related to the process of the PIP appeal hearings. 

FAQ related to PIP tribunal Questions

What are the chances of winning a PIP tribunal?

The chances of winning a PIP tribunal differs according to the situation however, it is estimated that there are high chances that the Tribunal decisions are correct so if your claims are correct, you have high chances of winning. 

What questions do they ask at the PIP tribunal?

The tribunal panel might ask you the following questions:

  • Reasons for appealing
  • Questions that get you to describe things related to your average day. 
  • Questions related to your conditions
  • Questions related to your living status 
  • Questions related to expenses you have made.
  • If there are other people present that you have brought along, they might also ask them questions, 

How long after the PIP tribunal will I get a decision?

PIP decisions can differ according to situations and context. You might be informed in court in some cases while some reconsiderations take 2 weeks, some take several months.

What happens if I win a tribunal?

If you win your case, the tribunal can order the DWP to process and start paying you compensation, for the expenses, the money owed, and the PIP. 

Can pip change their mind before a PIP tribunal?

No, there are little to no chance that the DWP will change their minds about their decisions since there has already been a mandatory reconsideration stage where they have stuck to their original decision. 

This makes it unlikely that they will change their mind before a tribunal hearing. 


How to prepare for a PIP appeal tribunal. Mental Health and Money Advice. Retrieved on 7th January 2022. https://www.mentalhealthandmoneyadvice.org/en/welfare-benefits/pip-mental-health-guide/challenging-a-pip-decision/how-to-prepare-for-a-pip-appeal-tribunal/

How to appeal against a PIP decision.Mental Health and Money Advice. Retrieved on 7th January 2022. https://www.mentalhealthandmoneyadvice.org/en/welfare-benefits/pip-mental-health-guide/challenging-a-pip-decision/how-to-appeal-against-a-pip-decision/

How to win a PIP appeal. Advicenow. Retrieved on 7th January 2022. https://www.advicenow.org.uk/guides/how-win-pip-appeal

What is PIP?Mental Health and Money Advice. Retrieved on 7th January 2022. https://www.mentalhealthandmoneyadvice.org/en/welfare-benefits/pip-mental-health-guide/introduction-to-pip/what-is-pip/

Challenging a PIP decision – the tribunal hearing. CitizensAdvice. Retrieved on7th January 2022. https://www.citizensadvice.org.uk/benefits/sick-or-disabled-people-and-carers/pip/appeals/your-hearing/

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